Network Requirements for Resource Disaggregation

Traditional datacenters are designed as a collection of servers, each of which tightly couples the resources required for computing tasks. Recent industry trends suggest a paradigm shift to a disaggregated datacenter (DDC) architecture containing a pool of resources, each built as a standalone resource blade and interconnected using a network fabric. A key enabling (or […]

pHost – Distributed Near-Optimal Datacenter Transport Over Commodity Network Fabric

The importance of minimizing flow completion times (FCT) in datacenters has led to a growing literature on new network transport designs. Of particular note is pFabric, a protocol that achieves near-optimal FCTs. However, pFabric’s performance comes at the cost of generality, since pFabric requires specialized hardware that embeds a specific scheduling policy within the network […]

FTMB – Rollback-Recovery for Middleboxes

Network middleboxes must offer high availability, with automatic failover when a device fails. Achieving high availability is challenging because failover must correctly restore lost state (e.g., activity logs, port mappings) but must do so quickly (e.g., in less than typical transport timeout values to minimize disruption to applications) and with little overhead to failure-free operation […]

Quartz – A new design element for low latency DCNs

Most datacenter network (DCN) designs focus on maximizing bisection bandwidth rather than minimizing server-to-server latency. We explore architectural approaches to building low-latency DCNs and introduce Quartz, a design element consisting of a full mesh of switches. Quartz can be used to replace portions of either a hierarchical network or a random network. Our analysis shows […]

SPOT – A Personalized Smart Thermal Control System

Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) accounts for about half of the energy consumption in buildings. HVAC energy consumption can be reduced by changing the indoor air temperature setpoint, but changing the setpoint too aggressively can overly reduce user comfort. We have therefore designed and implemented SPOT: a Smart Personalized Office Thermal control system that […]

FORTE – A Traffic Engineering System for CDNs

Large-scale Internet applications, such as content distribution networks, are deployed across multiple datacenters and consume massive amounts of electricity. To provide uniformly low access latencies, these datacenters are geographically distributed and the deployment size at each location reflects the regional demand for the application. Consequently, an application’s environmental impact can vary significantly depending on the […]

MTSVR – Face Age Estimation

Automatic age estimation is the process of using a computer to predict the age of a person automatically based on a given facial image. While this problem has numerous real-world applications, the high variability of aging patterns and the sparsity of available data present challenges for model training. Here, instead of training one global aging […]